The ‘Confederates Invade Maryland’ wayside marker is on the Monocacy battlefield on the west side of the Urbana Pike (Maryland Route 355) 2 miles south of Interstate 70 and 0.3 mile south of the Visitor Center drive. The markers are next to the parking area north of the John Best farmhouse. (39.370552° N, 77.398703° W; map)

It is next to the Best Family Farm wayside marker.

Confederates Invade Maryland wayside marker

Confederates Invade Maryland marker (click to enlarge)

From the marker:

Confederates Invade Maryland

7:00 a.m, July 9, 1864

Confederate troops under Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early streamed through the gaps of South Mountain and the Catoctins and headed south past Frederick. Bound for Washington, D.C., they were stopped here at the Best family farm by Union troops defending the bridges over the Monocacy River.

General Early decided a head-on attack would be too costly and spread his men across these farmlands. While Maj. Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur pinned down the Union center, Early sent Brig. Gen. John McCausland and Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge around to the southwest, hoping to find a place to ford the river and attack the Union’s left flank.

The men took off blankets, oilcloths, etc., and stretched them in fence corners, on muskets and rails, to make a shelter from the sun…in the road and on a hill which overlooked the battle that was about to be fought in our front.

1st Sgt. John H. Worsham, 21st Virgina.

On the morning of July 9, Jubal Early, demanded a $200,000 ransom from the citizens of Frederick. Previously, on July 6, as they were leaving the Shenandoah Valley, Early ordered Brig. Gen. John McCausland to exact a $200,000 ransom from Hagerstown. By mistake he obtained only $20,000, plus some clothing.

Drawing from the marker of Jubal Early demanding a ransom from the citizens of Frederick.

Drawing from the marker of Jubal Early demanding a ransom from the citizens of Frederick.

John Breckinridge had served as vice president in James Buchanan's administration, 1857-61.

John Breckinridge had served as vice president in James Buchanan’s administration, 1857-61.

Fearless Stephen Ramseur, 27 years old was a staunch advocate of slavery. He resigned from the Union army even before his state, North Carolina, seceded.

Fearless Stephen Ramseur, 27 years old was a staunch advocate of slavery. He resigned from the Union army even before his state, North Carolina, seceded.

Confederates Invade Maryland wayside marker beside the farmhouse of John Best on the battlefield of Monocacy

Confederates Invade Maryland wayside marker beside the farmhouse of John Best on the battlefield of Monocacy